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FAMiiy PROTECTION BILL 2013 



ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES, 



PARTL-PRELIMINAKV. 

j . CompJiance wiih conslitulional fsqmremenTs. 

2. Imeipretarioji. 

3. Objeciivcsifif Aci. 

4. Underlying prmciples. 

PART II. ^ DOMESTIC MOLE!^tGtvE»^FfcNC£ 

^: PyiGanHigofdomeslk vjolcnt;e, 

6. DoTneslitr.vioEtnoeofJence. 

l^AFtT lii - FAMILY PROTECTION ORDERS. 
Division I. - Aftpticath/ts. 

7. AppHcalion for a fsmiiy proieciiori order. 

Diviiion 2. - Conditions-. 

8. Condiiions reJatiny u> good behavior 

y. C(jndill6iiS rei^Iiftg m mdivfdLial proteclion. 
10. Conditions relating? lo property. 
I [ Condiiioni relating lo counseling and mediaTion. 

Division S. - /nrerim Ptoteclittfi Ordei^. 

2. Conn may rrmke inTcrim prMeciiiVn order, 

^. Fon:i of an inlerim protection order. 

4. Commencement and duration of interim protection orders. 

5. Evidence. 



0ivisifltt 4. — Protection Ordera. 

1 6. Court may make pntiection order. 

17. A bieni defendant. 

IS. Fomi of prolection order. 

1^ Commencemcnl and duraiion uf pmieclion ordtr. 

Diyisipn 5. - Offence and Corapensatifnt. 

20. Offence lo hrea^^ family proiectmn order, 

21. Compel! sal ion. 

PART IV, - MISCELtANEODS, 

22. PowcrofCuurl 10 make Order on own inilialive, 

23. Spouse may give evidence. 

24. Variation and revocaiion of orders. 
^5, No application fees, 

26. RCi^uIaiions. 




A 

for 
An Act 

Family Protection Bill 20B, 

Eieilig an Ac[ to- 

{h) establish a regime for faitiijy pmteclion orders in cases of doinesiic viofenee; and 
[c) preserve and promote harmonious family relationships; and 

preveril and deter domefHic Violence at alJ ievels of society in the countr>.. and 
Ibr related purposes 

MADE hy the National Parliament lo come into optialion upon cenificaiion hy ihe Speaker 



PART J. -PRELIMINARY. 



COMPLIANCE WITH CONSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS. 

V.A ... ^""I'l^ "'"^ " regulates or restricts a right or freedom referred to in 

Subdivision IIL3.C {qutiiiji*-ti riahi^) of Co>is/i/urio>, namely 

the right to liberty of the person conferred by Section 42; and 
the right to the freedom of expression and publication conferred by Section 4ft and 
ilie right to pcaeefril assembly and associate and to ftjrm or belong to, or not to' belong 
10, political parties, mdustnai organizations or other associations conferred bv Section 
47; and 

the right to freedom of choice of employment in any calling for which person has the 
qualification (if any) lawliilly required conferred by Section 48: and 
the right to reasonable privacy in respect of his oi her prtvate and family life his or 
her comnmnjcafons with other j^erson and hi. or hcf p^.^^al papers ^nd elfecTs 
conferred by Section 49: and 

the righl [o utile and stand for public office conferred by Section 50' and 
rrght to reasonable access of ofncial documents conferred by Section 5 1 

and 



(A) 



id) 



Or) 



FrnttUy PFfiftctioh 



Ui) Ihe righl of iVeedom of movemem conferred by SecLion 52, 
is a law thai is made for ihe purposes of complying wiih Seciion 38 of the Constitution laking 
accoum the National Goals and Directive Principles on integral human devdopmenl and equality 
and panjcipalioii called for i.i the Preambic To the Constitution, and !br the purpose of givinj- 
cffect 10 Ihe public mieresi m public welfare, and lo the protection of families as the core of the 
society and lo pniii] ok harmonious family relationships^ 

5: JNTERPRETATION. 

hi tiiis Act, unless ihc contrary imeniion appears - 

"child" means an individual under the age of I S who is- 

{ii) a biological, adopied. step or foster child ofthc person; or 

[b) in the care or custody of Ihe person: 
^ commiinicaiion" means wnTten. oraL sign or electronic forms ofcommunieaiibn; 
"eompiatnam" means the alleged victim of domestic violence; 
' coun". unless otherwise mdicared, means Ibc District Court: 

"defendant" means a person against whom a familv protection order is soogfit tnder 
this Act; 

" domc:^tic viofenee ' has the meaning !^i\en h\ Section 5; 
"domestic violence offence" means an oflcnce under Section 6; 
■'family mL-mbef' Orleans each of the following: 
{a) the spouseof Iheperson; or 

ih) a child ofthe person or a child of the person's spouse: or 

W aparemt>fthe person or a parent of the person's spoifse; or 
{d) a grandparent; or 

a brother or sister of Iheperson or a brother or sister of the person's spcHise:ttr 
{f} aiiy othei pi.TsQn who is treated by the spouses as a family member. 

Tamil) proieclion ordeF'^ meansa pr<vfection ord^rxpr an interim prtHeclion order i^^sucd 
under Pari 111; 

' interim protection ordeT^ftieans ati'-orcJer made under Section 1 2: 
-Mmister" means the Minister responsible forjialionsd justice administratiDn; 
"property of a person^' means properly that: 
{a) the person ciwiis: or 
Ih) Ihe person does not own, but - 

1i) IS used and enjoyed by the person: or 
(ij) is available fer'ft"e^)^6n1j'^se or enfoyment; or 
£iiij is in the person's care or custody: 
"protection order" means an order made under Section 16; 
'-spouse of a person" mcanj, anindi^iaual of the 6pp<y^\ih se\ lo the person who: 
{a) is or has been married lo the person; or 

[hi although not marned to the person, is living ivith the person in a marriaye- 
like relationship or has lived wiih tHc^er^n in su^^ I relalions^ip; " 

{<.•) is a biological parem of □ child with the person (whether or not they are or 
have been married or are liungor have lived together): and 
"welE-heing ■ incEudes adequate 1^, shelter and access ^o JVesh uaier. 



Family Proiecthn 



3. OBJECTIVES OF THE ACT. 

'nr^£>b|e^ivc5 of this Aci are - 



id) 



{<:) 
{d) 



to proiroio safe, stable and strong lamilies; and 
lo prevent and deter domesiic violence ai all JeveEs n| sutiejy: and 
1(1 rec^>g^^^ thai domesric violence of any kind is not an accepTahIc behaviour 
and 

10 ensure ihal [here is eHeclive legal proiccijoti for the victims of dcrtiesUc 
violence; and 

to provide for [he punislimenc of persons who commit aci& of domesik 
violence or who breach family protection orders. 

4. UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES. 

To ^<;hieve the objectives of [he Act. all persons exercising limctions. powers and diilic. 
mida-TJie:Atl, wiEl rd^^i^nil^e artd iakc iiilo account the following underlying principles: 
(i?) that [reedom from violence is every person s ri^hi; and 
(/>) that violence rs ofien a learned behaviour which can be unlearned; and 

thai vi\>lenee in nrartlH^e is nma privyie maner, bui a social problem of public 
eoiieem: and 

[hat stopping domc-stie violence will sireneihen marriages and improve famiEV 
fife: and 

(t) thai stopping domestic violence will heJp create a more peaceful society and 
I/) Thai It IS the responsibiliiy of every person to take & strong stand a^-ainst domestic 
violence for the benefit of the wliole society: 

PART IL - DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENCE. 

5. MEANING OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE. 

tl ) A person commils an act of domestic violence if he or she does any of the following 
acts against a family member: 

Ui) assaults ihe family member fwhetJier or nor [hereise^ideneeof a physicg} 
injury}; or 

{h) psychologically abuses, harasses fiMntiriiidal&s- the family meinW; or 
It) sexually abuses the lamily member; or 

{d) sialks the lamily member so a^ to cause him or her apprehension or lear or 
ie) behaves in an mdeeent or offensive manner ^TlC i^m'ilymcmher; or. 
if} damages or causes damage 10 the family member s properly: or 
ihreaiensiodoanyoftheacti in Paragraphs f*/), (c)or(/). 



(2) 



Withoui limiting Paragraph [\){d).i^ person.may sJalk another person bv - 
id) following the person; or 
[h] waiching the person; or 

loitering outside the premises where the person lives, works or Irequents for Ihe 
jHirposes of any social or leisure activity: or 

making persistent telephone calls, sending persistent texi mcasagflS.^^lfe 
fonns of cominunicalrons to ihe person or to the premises Where the person 
lives or ■WQ^E. 



id) 



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Family Protection 



(al a single acl may amount lo an act of domeslic violence: and 

[h] a number of acis ihai form pan of a patleni of behaviour may amoum lo 

dmne^'c ^<vl^eu^^ven Ihougli some or all of ihose acis whtm viewed m 

isolaiion may iqjpcar lo be minor i>r iriviaL 

ft. DOM£Sl'lit:^K»,ENCE OFFENCE- 

(1) ^perstmwhocommilsanaciofdomeslicvioronceisgidftyfif^^ 

Pt:nairy= An,>e noi exceeding K5. OlJO.OO or Imprisonmenl for a lerm noT exceedlni- 
Iwp years or both. 

«%]5^iaad^eroan offence under Subsection [ I) [hai The deft^ndani has paid an 
amoLjnl of money or g.veft <^Ux vaJuabie consideralion, ir a^ordancu wi.lv his or lita-t^^om 
Ihe complamani. v i-"- 

PART III, ^ FAMILY PROTECTION ORDERS. 

7. APPLICATION FOR A FAMILY PROTECTION ORDER 

W AnappHcaiieMfofafarrij^proka^^^^^^ 
(£v) ihc complainanu or 

{h) any per^,on on bchalfof ihe complainanl iftlie complainani has given hjs or htr 
wrmen consent for ihal person loiitaicethc applicaiion; or 

ic) aqualiliedlegaJpracliiioneronhchalfonhecomplainaniirThecomplaimnibfls 
given his or her wrmen consent for lhal praclilioner lo make the application oi 

id) a pohce ofTicer on belmlf^jr Aicc^^^n^airtant^iFihe L:omplainan| has given or 
hex*jiHGli consent fOr iBal officer to make the applicalion, 

(2) SubjeonoStib.sectionaj,anapphcaUonforaM%prolec^^^^ 
in [he prescribed forrti. ' 

A^) A l^i] ure lo^omply wUh Subsection (2) aiidaio !he apphealion. 

W An application lo a court for a family proleciion order may be made - 
Ui) orally; or 
in wnfing, 

{5) II the appli.aiion is made oraJly, ^ court musr reduce ih^- appjicalion into ^Ti.ini; a^ 
soon as piaclieable m ihe prescribed form. 

OiViiioti 2. - Conditions. 

S. G<iN^^^iTIONS RELATING TO GObfi BEHAVIOR 

AcounmaymGludeall oi any of the TollowinB conditions in aproteciim o^cr: 

-4 - 



Family Protection 



ih) 



{a} Ihe delondan! musi be of sood behaviour towards Ihe compiainani or any olher 

family member named in the order: v>t 
[b) Uiedefendani muM nOL cpmmjT acts of dbmealic vjol^t:e, 

^- CONDITIONS RELATING TO INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION. 

A coun may mclude or any of [he folJowinK cnndilions in a prolection order: 
{d] prohibiting the ddbndani or compiainam from approaching each other: or 
prohibiTjng;ihe defendaiit or complainant from Gbmmuai^^ng w^m^ 

01 

prohibiting the defendant or complainant tram being in or near specified 
premises, including premises where the other liv^s. woiltstir frequents, even 
though he or she has a lejjaJ or equitable interest m the premises; or 
proTiibiting the defendant or complainant from causing another person to engage 
m c^iiii^Lici relerrcd to in Paragraphs {ol tofc j. 

C*5»rS^iYK>NS RELATING TO PROPERTY. 

A court may include all oi any of the following conditions rn a proJeetfon at^b- - 
prohibiting [he defendant from damaging the pmperly of the eoiiipjaifiahf or 
direCTsng^he defendani ^ 

(I) to return any specified pers^l.pr^ai^^af ihettm^pfeilKHii:' w 
(li) I o allow the complainant toTctovcFi have access lo. of maiie use of. any 
speci /impersonal property; or 
granting the complainant exclusive occupancy to a residence or specified pmc'f 
a residence whether or not the residence is sofely owned or leased by ihc ' 
OCf^dafm or 

prohibiting the defendant or complainani from cau^iing anulher person to cufiat^ 
in conduct referred to in Paragraph In). 

n. CONDITIONS RELATING TO COUNSELLING AND MEDIATION 

A coun may direct either or both the defendant and the complainant to participate in - 

(n) counsetiing; or 

(h) mediation: or 

{c) both counselling and mediation. 



Division S - Interim Protection Orders. 

12. COURT MAV MAKE INTERIM Pm)TlXtlbN OKi>EH, 

( 1 ) [n this division "courT*' includesthe Village Conn. 

(2) A court may make an interim proic^^fw) ordcj^ifl*^^ ^^L^ Ijclk^^ on reasonable 
grounds that the complainani is in danger of any form oi ^lomestic violence. 

0) The court may impose conditions in an Knt^niTi proieclioil order in the same wav that> 
It may impose conditions m a protection order issued under Division 2 of ihia Part, 



Family Protecriim 



(4) A court may make an imerim piulettfon order whcihcror noT liie defendaiit Or 
compEainanl is in court. 

(5) In avoidance oi doubi, a court may make an mtmnj proteclioii ordtrevcn Jhough an 
applitaiioii was afw made under Section 7 for a proleelioii ordei , 

(6) A court may include ihe name ofa family member in an inierim proleciioii order 
rna^fof -Ihe benelil of ihe complainant i( Ihe court believes on reasonable grounds IhaL the 

nienibcrhi mdangerol any Ibmi of domeslic violence. 

13. F^ar^OF AN INTERIM PROTECTION ORDER. 

^ f n Subject lo Subsection (21 an imeriniproteciion oider is to.lwmade^^iii.tht?pre«;rt6ed 

{2] A failureio comply \vilh.SubseCUon(nt|oeiiiot affect djevafid^^^^^^^ 
protection order, 

14. COMMENCEMENT AND DL'RATIOM OF INTEfUftf PROTECT J<J>f QKbi^ 

( I ) An interim protection order or a renewed inicrim proiection order commences at l^e 
lime il IS sei'ved on tlie defendant 

{2) An inicrim proleciion order remains in fon:e for not more than 30 days, and may be 
renewed only' once tor a Airther 3ft"days: 

0} An interim prolecl ion order rem ams in force for 30 days unless - 
(oj i-t; is i'ev'(tkea}"or 
if}} il is renewed: or 
(l) LI IS replaced by a protection order. 

15. EVIDENCE. 

( n A cotin may make an interim protection order on such evidence as the court considers 
suJticieiit and appropriate havinj^ regard u^the irtTel^ l*amre t^f |}\e orders 

(2) Without limiling Subsection { I), if Ihe eompJainant is unable lo allend ihc coun 
because of his Of her injuries, thecoun may accept amdavii evidcnee onrbeklf efthe 
compjaijiain- 

16. COURT MAY MAKE PROTECTION ORDER. 

(I } Following an appheaiion made under Section 7. a coun may make a protection order 
agajnsi a defendant if Ihe court believes on reasonable grounds lhai - 

iv) the defendant hai uomnlitled an aet of domestic violence againsUhc 
complainant: or 

W the defendant is hkdy to commit an act of domestic violence against Ihe 
GompTainanr, 



-6- 



(21 [n deciding ^heiher iti mafee a protection ordeJ", ihe courf take irtto accojm the 
I'll low inj^; 

fr/) the read to ensure thai ihti tmnplainani is pr&iecEed Ytfimiforaesiic vioJence 
and 

ih) ihe safely and wcll-hein^ uf the complainant: and 

(( ) Ihe safely and wdUbeing of other famify inem;^ts;. aflii 

(d) any olher inaticT the cMlrl t^onsid^SJeievanL 

(3) Thtcoun may include the name of a fami]ymember in a proieciinn order made F6r 
)he benelil of ihc complainani. if die coun believes on reasonable grounds lhai liie defendant has^ 
eoninnited. or is likely Lo cominil. an act ofdomesCic violence agarnsi lhal Family member. 

17. ABSKNT DEFENDANT. 

i\) Subject lo Subsection (2). a n>un may proceed tu hear and determine an applicaiion 
ro/ a prpteciion ordei if Ihe defendant is not present, 

\2) Thecoun must besalisfied nn reasonable grounds thai - 

in) ihc defendani has b^CJtaer\ed wilh a summons to appear^ai ihc hearing:: m 
[h) Ihe defendani was required by condilions of bail lo appear at the hearing; or 
B| Jii^ing regard lo the circumstances of the case, alt reasonable efforls have been 
made 1i* givcxhe defendant notice of ihe healing. 

18. Fdlttll PtoilBc^fTQN ORDBR. 

(b Sul^eet (o SuhseciiOTi (2^ a proletEioni>^dbr is fo be made in tbe presurihed hm. 



order. 



& ■M'm'lik^i^ e&mfrij^wjth Subsection ( I J does not aJfccl the validity of the proteclion 



19. COMMENCrMjENT AND DUfc*T^i^^f Cit^ PROTECTION ORDER. 

0) A protection ordei or an txiensiort Tci an exjsting pn>[etlion O^dta cornmences at the 
time 1 1 is served on Iht: defendant. 

(2) A protection order continues m fo^e Tl^ the pciiod specified in the order, Unless it is 
re\ oked or the penod ol Ihe order is varfed. 

(3} The period specilied in a protection order must not exceed two years and is lobe lor 
such period as the coun considers necessary lo protect a person. 

(4) Wliere a peiiod is not specified m an order, Ihe order remains in force fGr six months. 
lyivision 5, - Offence und Compensation^ 

W, OFFE^CE TO BREACH FAMILY PROTECTION ORDER. 

( I ) A perj^on who breaches a conditioji6r'toiiMiUonj^^.f.^^^]v|^edi^^ 
inlerim protection order is gtiiliy of an offence. 



-7- 



Family Pratec^Ott 



Pi^nalty: A fine ni>l exceeding K 1 0,000,00 orimprisonmenrToT a term not 
exceeding three years or both. 

(2) H is 1101 ^ defence to an nllence under Subsection ( I ) ilsal ihe defcndani has paid an 
amouni of money or given other vdiiahle consideration in accordance \k iih his or her cuslom in 
Ihe conipIamanL 

i^j Ilis a defence lo an ofTenci; under Subseciion U» thai Iht: defendant establishes a 
rej^sonabie excuse. 

rn addilion lo any order for proieclion, a coijft iS^y order ihe defendanwo pay 
compensalion in accordant with cusiom or oiheiwiEe To Ihe complainant if Ihe co^piainanl as a 
rt^suft of an net of domestic violence suffered - 

(a) personal injury; or 

(h) damage [0 properly: or 

\^}'- -fiilaneiai fcsB. 

FART IV, - MISCELLANEOUS. 

22. POWER OF COURT TO MAKE ORDER ON OWN IIViTUTlVE. 

( ] ) A court may, on its own iniliativc. make a family protection order against a pcrMjn if- 
Ici) lJ:e person pfeads gu]lt> to. oris found guilly of. an olfence under Section 6 or 
an offence under aSiy oiher law thai -itYvo Ives conducnhai ammint^ lo domestic 
violence; and 

(lif i^zpm ih satis^ied.^hal the^ordeFCould be made against ihe person under this 
Act- 

m if a family protection order is already in I'oree, rlictourt may \ar> Ihe order. 

23. SPOUSK MAY GIVE EVIDENCE. 

If a person in charged with an ^ffenct uVdiiV iJiis A6t - 

U/) the person s spouse is a compeieni and compellable vviiness in any legal 

proceedings in connection with Ihe offence, and 
f^l Ihe person's spotise.may be called m give evidence .wiIhi:>ut%e.consem of Ihe 

24. VARIATION AND REVOCATION OF ORDERS- 

( 1 ) An applicatim to vary or revoke n family protection order may he made bV any 
pcraon to whom the order applies. 

i~} A"? applicaiion und^ Subseclion (1 ) must bt: made loihe coun that made tbe.ortier. 

25. NOAPPLICATION KEF-S, 

Noiwilhsianding ihe provisions of any other law. policy, practice or procedure no fees or 
^&afgeS arc payable lo a courtjn reJalion to the making of an application for a family proieclion 
order. 



family Protedion 



26. REGULATIONS. 

The Head of Slate, achng wiih, aiid In accordance with advice of the Nalional Execulive 
CounciL may make regulations not inconsiMenl with ihis AcT pre^cribmB aJI matters required oi 
permitted by ihi. Ac, lo be prescribed or necessary or convenient Ic be pre^ribed for cairyiaL. 
out or giving eJlcL^l Lo [his Aci. ^ 



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